All Creation Groans

The question of suffering and prosperity has been an ongoing discussion within Christianity for many centuries. In fact, Christianity itself may seem to revolve around these themes, since many of the books contained in the Bible, such as Job in the Old Testament and the Gospels of the New, deal so heavily with both. More…

Joseph de Maistre: On Suffering and Sacrifice

In his book titled St. Petersburg Dialogues, the Roman Catholic philosopher and stark defendant of the Roman Church in the age of the Enlightenment, Joseph de Maistre, sets out to explain and provide answers to the age-old complaint concerning “the happiness of the wicked and the misfortune of the just.”[1] This complaint, which is raised either to God…

Kant: Autonomy as the Center of Aesthetic Judgement

Kant’s focus on autonomy lends to his aesthetics a peculiar quality quite different from any other, at least in his day. Kant, studying in university during the 18th century, no doubt came into contact with those great intellectual influences of his time, the philosophies of Leibniz and Wolff. However, despite the impact and extreme popularity…

Maimonides: Attribution and God

In The Guide of the Perplexed, Maimonides concerns himself with our language about God. He is determined that nearly all of our ways of speaking about God are, as he puts it, inadmissible. That is, our attributions of God almost always fails to arrive at an accurate description or portrayal of God’s actual nature. However,…

Epictetus: Living Life Within Your Power

Our many roles in life have a profound effect on how we live our life. From a very practical perspective, we see that they direct our conduct toward others and make our goals clear to us. The ancient philosopher Epictetus (55 C.E.) knew very well the importance of roles to one’s life and, consequently, incorporated…